The Beginning of The Angkor Era
The Angkor empire, also known as the Khmer empire, lasted a full six hundred years, and the city-state of Angkor served as its cultural and political center.
It was one of Southeast Asia's most impressive and important human accomplishments and over its long rule, it dominated an area that would encompass modern Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, and Vietnam.
The Khmer empire rose for a number of
different reasons. The monarchy system that
was adopted by the Angkor empire was much like that of the Indian
kings, and the Angkor kings ruled with absolute power and divine right.
The empire itself was capable of raising vast armies to both defend and
The Site of the City
One of the reasons the empire lasted and thrived as long as it did was because of its location.
capital city-state of Angkor was located in the north of Tonle Sap Lake
putting it at an impressive advantage when it came to defenses.
Invaders would need to sail upstream from Mekong River and the city
itself was protected by forests on all sides. This control of the
waterways put the empire at a distinct advantage when it came to
naval battles and through its long history, the empire only lost
one major sea battle. This was the military history that was left
behind by the Angkor empire and the record stands as one of the most
impressive in Asian history.
Rulers of the Angkor Empire
The empire is thought to have been started during the 9th century, with the ruler known as King Jayavarman II. He established the capital of Angkor just north of the largest lake in the region and this proved to be an excellent location for the expansion that any empire would need. It would also be a good spot for the foundation of an agricultural culture that could support the armies when they needed to be called up.
Until the rise of King
Jayavarman II, it was believed that there was no Cambodian identity; up
until that point, the area had been under the control of India. (Read the Cambodia history prior
to Jayavarman II here). The
establishment of a Cambodian identity in this fashion is one that has
gone on to influence Cambodian culture to this day.
When looking at the history of the empire, it is still possible to see the remnants of their vast and impressive culture. The temples and sky-scraping buildings that this culture erected remain in Cambodia, and the craftsmanship and care that went into these beautiful works is still evident.
The empire lasted a full six centuries, giving it a lifespan that was
longer than that of the famed Ming Dynasty or even the British Empire.
During the days of the Angkor Empire, Europe was still wracked by
Crusades and the Mayan empire of South America was the only one that
could compare in size or function.
So in short...
The decline of the empire is
still something that is not well recorded in history. There is some
hint that the famous European plague, the Black Death played a role, as
did the change in climate and the loss of control over the waterways.
The empire fell, but only after a reign that was impressive and
awe-inspiring in many ways, and its history remains something that is
an important part of modern Cambodia.
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Angkor Wat History - A Brief Overview
Want to know a little bit of Angkor Wat history? Here is a condensed form of it, including the most important facts about the Kings and the temples.
History of Angkor Wat - A Quick Chronological Version
Looking for a quick history of the Angkor Wat temples? Here you'll see a chronological version. Come prepared knowing a little bit of the history of Angkor Wat, or those temples will just be meaningless piles of rubbles!
Read about Cambodia history before the Angkor period
Go from Angkor Empire to Cambodia History
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